Foundational Concepts

The foundational concepts are the elementary building blocks and context setting constraints of all other entries in the BoK. The latter encompass the philosophical and mathematical support for GIScience as well as data models, while the constituent elements include, among others, notions of scale, spatial data quality, and openness. This knowledge area is also the place to look for the origins and future of GIScience.

Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objective). Entries that have been expanded and revised are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized

Philosophical Basic Measures Social  
Metaphysics and Ontology Distance, Length, and Direction Primary and Secondary Data Sources  
Epistemology Shape Organizational Models for GIS Management  
Philosophical Perspectives Area and Region Organizational models for coordinating GISs and/or program participants and stakeholders  
Cognitive Proximity & Distance Decay  Openness  
Perceptions and Cognition of Geographic Phenomena Adjacency and Connectivity Origins  
From Concepts to Data Resolution Public Sector Origins  
Place and Landscape Geometric Primitives Private Sector Origins  
The Power of Maps Spatial Autocorrelation Academic Origins  
Learning from Experience Interrogating Geographic Information    
Domains of Geographic Information Set Theory    
Space Structured Query Language (SQL) and Attribute Queries    
Time Spatial Queries    
Relationships between Space and Time Uncertainty    
Properties Error    
Networks Defined Problems of Scale and Zoning    
Scale and Generalization Thematic Accuracy    
Events and Processes Definitions within a Conceptual Model of Uncertainty