- Define common theories on what is “real,” such as realism, idealism, relativism, and experiential realism
- Compare and contrast the ability of different theories to explain various situations
- Recognize the commonalities of philosophical viewpoints and appreciate differences to enable work with diverse colleagues
- Evaluate the influences of particular worldviews (including one’s own) on GIS practices
- Justify the metaphysical theories with which you agree
- Identify the ontological assumptions underlying the work of colleagues
The foundational concepts are the elementary building blocks and context setting constraints of all other entries in the BoK. The latter encompass the philosophical and mathematical support for GIScience as well as data models, while the constituent elements include, among others, notions of scale, spatial data quality, and openness. This knowledge area is also the place to look for the origins and future of GIScience.
Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are linked directly to their original (2006) or revised entries; forthcoming, future topics are italicized.