Programming and Development

Computer programming and development are critical to the past, present, and future of geospatial systems and techniques. The increasing ubiquity and diversity of online, mobile, and desktop GIS platforms along with the inclusion of cyber-infrastructure components within the bounds of geographic information systems (e.g., supercomputing, wireless sensor networks) means that GIS researchers and professionals need to be fluent in multiple forms of programming, and the life-cycles of system and software development.

Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been updated and expanded are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized

 

Algorithm Design/Algorithmic Approaches Programming Languages & Libraries
Dynamic Programming in GIS Applications Python for GIS
Natural Language Processing in GIS Applications  PySAL and Spatial Statistics Libraries
Real Tme Programming R for GIS
Integer Programming Javascript for GIS
Linear Programming SQL and SQL Derived Languages for GIS
Machine Learning Programming for GIS GDAL./OGR and IO Libraries
GIS and Parallel Programming  
Object-oriented Programming in GIS Applications Application Development
Development Tools Software Lifecycles of GIS Applications
Development Environments for Geospatial Applications Software Requirements for GIS Applications
Message Passing Interface (MPI) for GIS Applications Verification & Validation of GIS Applications
Software Frameworks for GIS Applications Implementation of GIS Applications
Visual Programming for GIS Applications Testing of GIS Applications
Computer-Aided Software Engineering (CASE) Tools Deployment of GIS Applications
GIS APIs Design of GIS Applications
Platform Specific Programming Commercialization of GIS Applications
GIS and GPU Programming Licensing of GIS Applications
Programming of Mobile GIS Applications  
Programming of GIS Web Services  
WebGIS Programming  
   

 

PD-06 - System testing
  • Describe the goals of alpha and beta testing
  • Implement established testing procedures on prototype systems
  • Use testing results to prepare a system for deployment
  • Conduct a quality assurance review
PD-09 - Transport protocols
  • Explain the relevance of transport protocols to GIS&T
  • Describe the characteristics of the Open Digital Resource Description Framework (RDF) protocol
  • Describe the characteristics of the Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol (OPeNDAP)
  • Describe the characteristics of the Web Ontology Language (OWL)
  • Describe the characteristics of the Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
  • Describe the characteristics of the Web Feature Services (WFS) protocols
  • Describe the characteristics of the Web Mapping Services (WMS) protocols
  • Describe the characteristics of the Web Catalog Services (WCS) protocols
  • Create a service that delivers geospatial data over the Internet using a standard transport protocol
  • Create an application that consumes Web services using standards transport protocols
  • Describe the characteristics of the Z39.50 protocol
  • Describe the characteristics of the Open Digital Libraries (ODL) protocol
  • Describe the characteristics of the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)

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