## 2018 QUARTER 03

##### CV-17 - Mapping Time
• Describe how the adding time-series data reveals or does not reveal patterns not evident in a cross-sectional data
• Describe how an animated map reveals patterns not evident without animation
• Demonstrate how Bertin’s “graphic variables” can be extended to include animation effects
• Create a temporal sequence representing a dynamic geospatial process
##### AM-48 - Mathematical models of uncertainty: probability and statistics
• Devise simple ways to represent probability information in GIS
• Describe the basic principles of randomness and probability
• Compute descriptive statistics and geostatistics of geographic data
• Interpret descriptive statistics and geostatistics of geographic data
• Recognize the assumptions underlying probability and geostatistics and the situations in which they are useful analytical tools
##### DM-31 - Mathematical models of vagueness: Fuzzy sets and rough sets
• Compare and contrast the relative merits of fuzzy sets, rough sets, and other models
• Differentiate between fuzzy set membership and probabilistic set membership
• Explain the problems inherent in fuzzy sets
• Create appropriate membership functions to model vague phenomena
##### KE-17 - Measuring costs
• Explain how the saying “developing data is the largest single cost of implementing GIS” could be true for an organization that is already collecting data as part of its regular operations
• Describe some non-fiduciary barriers to GIS implementation
• Summarize what the literature suggests as means for overcoming some of the non-fiduciary barriers to GIS implementation
• Outline sources of additional costs associated with development of an enterprise GIS
• Outline the categories of costs that an organization should anticipate as it plans to design and implement a GIS
##### GS-08 - Mechanisms of control of geospatial information
• Distinguish among the various intellectual property rights, including copyright, patent, trademark, business methods, and other rights
• Explain how databases may be protected under U.S. copyright law
• Outline the intellectual property protection clause of a contract that a local government uses to license geospatial data to a community group
• Explain how maps may be protected under U.S. copyright law
• Differentiate geospatial information from other works protected under copyright law
##### DM-26 - Mereology: structural relationships
• Describe particular geographic phenomena in terms of their place in mereonomic hierarchies (parts and composites)
• Explain the contributions of formal mathematical methods such as graph theory to the study and application of geographic structures
• Represent structural relationships in GIS data
• Explain the effects of spatial or temporal scale on the perception of structure
• Explain the modeling of structural relationships in standard GIS data models, such as stored topology
• Identify phenomena that are best understood as networks
• Define “metadata” in the context of the geospatial data set
• Use a metadata utility to create a geospatial metadata document for a digital database you created
• Formulate metadata for a graphic output that would be distributed to the general public
• Formulate metadata for a geostatistical analysis that would be released to an experienced audience
• Compose data integrity statements for a geostatistical or spatial analysis to be included in graphic output
• Identify software tools available to support metadata creation
• Interpret the elements of an existing metadata document
• Explain why metadata production should be integrated into the data production and database development workflows, rather than treated as an ancillary activity
• Outline the elements of the U.S. geospatial metadata standard
• Explain the ways in which metadata increases the value of geospatial data
##### CV-25 - Metadata, Quality, and Uncertainty
• Describe a scenario in which possible errors in a map may impact subsequent decision making, such as a land use decision based on a soils map
• Evaluate the uncertainty inherent in a map
• Compare the decisions made using a map with a reliability overlay from those made using a map pair separating data and reliability, both drawn from the same dataset
• Critique the assumption that maps can or should be “accurate”
##### FC-01 - Metaphysics and ontology
• Define common theories on what is “real,” such as realism, idealism, relativism, and experiential realism
• Compare and contrast the ability of different theories to explain various situations
• Recognize the commonalities of philosophical viewpoints and appreciate differences to enable work with diverse colleagues
• Evaluate the influences of particular worldviews (including one’s own) on GIS practices
• Justify the metaphysical theories with which you agree
• Identify the ontological assumptions underlying the work of colleagues
##### AM-82 - Microsimulation and calibration of agent activities
• Describe a “bottom-up” simulation from an activity-perspective with changes in the locations and/or activities the individual person (and/or vehicle) in space and time, in the activity patterns and space-time trajectories created by these activity patterns, and in the consequent emergent phenomena, such as traffic jams and land-use patterns
• Describe how various parameters in an agent-based model can be modified to evaluate the range of behaviors possible with a model specification
• Describe how measurements on the output of a model can be used to describe model behavior