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- Apply coordinate geometry to calculate positions in a coordinate system grid based on control point locations and measured angles and distances
- Given the elevation of one control point, calculate the elevation of a second point by differential (spirit or direct) leveling
- Given the elevation of one control point, calculate the elevation of a second point by trigonometric (indirect) leveling
- Describe the differences between differential and trigonometric leveling
- Explain how electronic distance measurement instruments work
- Define the concepts ellipsoidal (or geodetic) height, geoidal height, and orthometric elevation
- Illustrate the relationship between the concepts of ellipsoidal (or geodetic) height, geoidal height, and orthometric elevation