- Explain why plane coordinates are sometimes preferable to geographic coordinates
- Identify the map projection(s) upon which UTM coordinate systems are based, and explain the relationship between the projection(s) and the coordinate system grid
- Discuss the magnitude and cause of error associated with UTM coordinates
- Differentiate the characteristics and uses of the UTM coordinate system from the Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) and the World Geographic Reference System (GEOREF)
- Explain what State Plane Coordinates system (SPC) eastings and northings represent
- Associate SPC coordinates and zone specifications with corresponding positions on a U.S. map or globe
- Identify the map projection(s) upon which SPC coordinate systems are based, and explain the relationship between the projection(s) and the coordinate system grids
- Discuss the magnitude and cause of error associated with SPC coordinates
- Recommend the most appropriate plane coordinate system for applications at different spatial extents and justify the recommendation
- Critique the U.S. Geological Survey’s choice of UTM as the standard coordinate system for the U.S. National Map
- Describe the characteristics of the “national grids” of countries other than the U.S.
- Explain what Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) eastings and northings represent
- Associate UTM coordinates and zone specifications with corresponding position on a world map or globe
Data management involves the theories and techniques for managing the entire data lifecycle, from data collection to data format conversion, from data storage to data sharing and retrieval, to data provenance, data quality control and data curation for long-term data archival and preservation.
Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been updated and expanded are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized.