- Define various terms used to describe topological relationships, such as disjoint, overlap, within, and intersect
- List the possible topological relationships between entities in space (e.g., 9-intersection) and time
- Use methods that analyze topological relationships
- Recognize the contributions of topology (the branch of mathematics) to the study of geographic relationships
- Describe geographic phenomena in terms of their topological relationships in space and time to other phenomena
Data management involves the theories and techniques for managing the entire data lifecycle, from data collection to data format conversion, from data storage to data sharing and retrieval, to data provenance, data quality control and data curation for long-term data archival and preservation.
Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been updated and expanded are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized.