GIS is an important tool for local governments. It is utilized to provide spatial information, metrics, and visualizations to constituents, businesses, and decision-makers. Internally, a well-managed GIS can be the basis for innovation and process improvement and can be a single source for employees to find a plethora of integrated data. This entry discusses how GIS supports local government, important considerations for maintaining a successful local government GIS, and current trends. This entry is based on the author’s experience in a GIS program at a medium-sized city in the Rocky Mountain Region of the United States. Not everything discussed may apply to other areas of the country or world. Additionally, smaller-sized programs may not have the resources to implement everything discussed. The key purpose of this entry is to provide students and instructors with tangible examples of processes, skills, and organizational structures that make for an effective local government GIS.
The Domain Applications knowledge area focuses on the linkages between the foundational GIS&T competencies found in other components of the Body of Knowledge and their implementation across a wide range of application areas, highlighting their scope and depth and providing evaluation of their impacts. This Knowledge Area is new and therefore was not part of the first GIS&T Body of Knowledge, published in 2006.
Entries that have been completed are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized.
If you’d like to propose an entry on a topic missing from the list, please contact the GIS&T BoK Project Manager, Diana Sinton (firstname.lastname@example.org).
|Archaeology||Geodesign||Recreation Planning & Management|
|Architecture||Humanitarian Mapping||Retail Business|
|Civil Engineering||Hydrology and Hydraulics||Telecommunications|
|Climate Studies & Atmospheric Science||Urban & Regional Planning|
|Computational Geography||International Affairs||Water Resources|
|Conservation||Land Administration||Wildlife & Fisheries Science and Management|
|Criminal Justice / Law Enforcement||Landscape Architecture|
|Digital Humanities||Landscape Ecology|
|Earth Science Research||Libraries, Archives, and Museums|
|Economic Development||Local Government|
|Ecosystem Science & Management|
|Education||Geospatial Intelligence & National Security|
|Emergency Response||Marine Science|
|Environmental Science & Management||Natural Resource Management|
|Facilities Management||Public Policy|