Foundational Concepts

The foundational concepts are the elementary building blocks and context setting constraints of all other entries in the BoK. The latter encompass the philosophical and mathematical support for GIScience as well as data models, while the constituent elements include, among others, notions of scale, spatial data quality, and openness. This knowledge area is also the place to look for the origins and future of GIScience.

Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been expanded and revised are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized

Philosophical Basic Measures Social
Metaphysics and Ontology Distance, Length, and Direction  Openness
Epistemology Shape  
Philosophical Perspectives Area and Region Origins
Cognitive Proximity & Distance Decay Public Sector Origins
Perceptions and Cognition of Geographic Phenomena Adjacency and Connectivity Private Sector Origins
From Concepts to Data Resolution Academic Origins
Place and Landscape Geometric Primitives  
The Power of Maps Spatial Autocorrelation  
Learning from Experience Interrogating Geographic Information  
Domains of Geographic Information Set Theory  
Space Structured Query Language (SQL) and Attribute Queries  
Time Spatial Queries  
Relationships between Space and Time Uncertainty  
Properties Error  
Networks Defined Problems of Scale and Zoning  
Scale and Generalization Thematic Accuracy  
Events and Processes Definitions within a Conceptual Model of Uncertainty