Foundational Concepts

The foundational concepts are the elementary building blocks and context setting constraints of all other entries in the BoK. The latter encompass the philosophical and mathematical support for GIScience as well as data models, while the constituent elements include, among others, notions of scale, spatial data quality, and openness. This knowledge area is also the place to look for the origins and future of GIScience.

Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been expanded and revised are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized

Philosophical Basic Measures
Metaphysics and Ontology Distance, Length, and Direction
Epistemology Shape
Philosophical Perspectives Area and Region
Cognitive Proximity & Distance Decay
Perceptions and Cognition of Geographic Phenomena Adjacency and Connectivity
From Concepts to Data Resolution
Place and Landscape Geometric Primitives
The Power of Maps Spatial Autocorrelation
Learning from Experience Interrogating Geographic Information
Domains of Geographic Information Set Theory
Space Structured Query Language (SQL) and Attribute Queries
Time Spatial Queries
Relationships between Space and Time Uncertainty
Properties Error
Networks Defined Problems of Scale and Zoning
Scale and Generalization Thematic Accuracy
Events and Processes Definitions within a Conceptual Model of Uncertainty
Origins Social
Public Sector Origins  Openness
Private Sector Origins  
Academic Origins