Foundational Concepts

The foundational concepts are the elementary building blocks and context setting constraints of all other entries in the BoK. The latter encompass the philosophical and mathematical support for GIScience as well as data models, while the constituent elements include, among others, notions of scale, spatial data quality, and openness. This knowledge area is also the place to look for the origins and future of GIScience.

Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been expanded and revised are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized

Origins Basic Measures
Intro to the GIS&T Body of Knowledge Distance, Length, and Direction
Public Sector Origins Shape
Private Sector Origins Area and Region
Academic Developments of GIS&T Proximity & Distance Decay
Cognitive Adjacency and Connectivity
Perceptions and Cognition of Geographic Phenomena Resolution
Foundational Ontologies Geometric Primitives and Algorithms
Ontologies for Analysis & Formation of Geospatial Concepts Spatial Autocorrelation
Place and Landscape Interrogating Geographic Information
The Power of Maps and Mapping Set Theory
Semantic Information Elicitation Structured Query Language (SQL) and Attribute Queries
Domains of Geographic Information Spatial Queries
Time Uncertainty
Relationships between Space and Time Conceptual Models of Error and Uncertainty
Properties Problems of Scale and Zoning
Networks Defined Thematic Accuracy and Assessment
Events and Processes  
Philosophical Perspectives