- Identify some of the key commercial activities that provided an impetus for the development of GIS&T
- Differentiate the dominant industries using geospatial technologies during the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s
- Describe the contributions of McHarg and other practitioners in developing geographic analysis methods later incorporated into GIS
- Evaluate the correspondence between advances in hardware and operating system technology and changes in GIS software
- Describe the influence of evolving computer hardware and of private sector hardware firms such as IBM on the emerging GIS software industry
- Discuss the emergence of the GIS software industry in terms of technology evolution and markets served by firms such as ESRI, Intergraph, and ERDAS
The foundational concepts are the elementary building blocks and context setting constraints of all other entries in the BoK. The latter encompass the philosophical and mathematical support for GIScience as well as data models, while the constituent elements include, among others, notions of scale, spatial data quality, and openness. This knowledge area is also the place to look for the origins and future of GIScience.
Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been expanded and revised are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized.