GIS&T and Society

The connections and interactions between GIS&T and society range in scale from institutions and business enterprises down to the individual level. Some fundamental drivers behind those interconnections are political, economic, legal, and cultural. Rapidly developing GI technology and infrastructures also generate various forms of public GIS practice as part of citizen science, VGI and social media. These activities provoke questions and critiques around governance, democracy, diversity, and ethics.

Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are linked directly to either their original (2006) or revised entries; forthcoming, future topics are italicized. 

Cognitive and Social Foundations GI as Property  
Common-sense Geographies Property Regimes  
Cultural Influences Mechanisms of Control of GI  
Political Influences Enforcing Control of GI  
Alternative Representations Geopiracy  
Law, Regulation, and Policy Critical Perspectives  
The Legal Regime Epistemological Critiques  
Liability Ethical Critiques  
Contract Law Feminist Critiques  
Location Privacy Social Critiques  
Legal Mechanisms for Sharing Geospatial Info Balancing Data Access, Security, and Privacy  
Governance and Agency    
Professional & Practical Ethics of GIS&T    
Codes of Ethics for Geospatial Professionals    
Citizen Science with GIS&T    
Spatial Decision Support    
Marginal Societies    
Balancing Security & Open Access to Geospatial Data    
Public Participation GIS    
Implications of Distributed GIS&T    
Aggregation of Spatial Entities