Domain Applications

The Domain Applications knowledge area focuses on the linkages between the foundational GIS&T competencies found in other components of the Body of Knowledge and their implementation across a wide range of application areas, highlighting their scope and depth and providing evaluation of their impacts. 

More than 30 thematic topics have already been identified for this Knowledge Area, and many of these are already under development. Listed alphabetically below, this number is anticipated to grow over time as existing themes expand and new application areas are identified.  

Italicized Topics indicate application areas that are forthcoming. or if you’d like to propose an entry on a topic missing from the list, please contact the Domain Applications knowledge area editor Jeff Hamerlinck <jeff.hamerlinck @ uwyo.edu>.

Agriculture Humanitarian Mapping Urban & Regional Planning
Archaeology Hydrology and Hydraulics Utilities
Architecture Insurance Water Resources
Civil Engineering Land Administration Wildlife & Fisheries Science and Management
Commercial Business Landscape Architecture  
Conservation Landscape Ecology  
Criminal Justice / Law Enforcement Marine Science  
Digital Humanities Marketing  
Earth Science Research Military, Defense, and Intelligence  
Economic Development Natural Resource Management  
Ecosystem Science & Management Public Health  
Emergency Response Public Policy  
Energy Development Real Estate  
Environmental Science & Management Recreation Planning & Management  
Facilities Management Telecommunications  
Forestry    

 

DA-02 - Applications and settings
  • Describe how sea surface temperatures are mapped
  • Explain how sea surface temperature maps are used to predict El Niño events
  • Outline a plausible workflow used by MDA Federal (formerly EarthSat) to create the high-resolution GEOCOVER global imagery and GEOCOVER-LC global land cover datasets.
  • Outline a plausible workflow for habitat mapping, such as the benthic habitat mapping in the main Hawaiian Islands as part of the NOAA Biogeography program
DA-07 - Applications in federal government
  • List and describe the types of data maintained by federal governments
  • Explain how geospatial information might be used in a taking of private property through a government’s claim of its right of eminent domain
  • Describe how geospatial data are used and maintained for land use planning, property value assessment, maintenance of public works, and other applications
  • Explain the concept of a “spatial decision support system”
DA-05 - Applications in local government
  • List and describe the types of data maintained by local governments
  • Explain how geospatial information might be used in a taking of private property through a government’s claim of its right of eminent domain
  • Describe how geospatial data are used and maintained for land use planning, property value assessment, maintenance of public works, and other applications
  • Explain the concept of a “spatial decision support system”
DA-06 - Applications in state government
  • List and describe the types of data maintained by state governments
  • Explain how geospatial information might be used in a taking of private property through a government’s claim of its right of eminent domain
  • Describe how geospatial data are used and maintained for land use planning, property value assessment, maintenance of public works, and other applications
  • Explain the concept of a “spatial decision support system”
DA-01 - Geographic Information Science & Technology in Agriculture

Agriculture, whether in the Corn Belt of the United States, the massive rice producing areas of Southeast Asia, or the bean harvest of a smallholder producer in Central America, is the basis for feeding the world. Agriculture systems are highly complex and heterogeneous in both space and time. The need to contextualize this complexity and to make more informed decisions regarding agriculture has led to GIS&T approaches supporting the agricultural sciences in many different areas. Agriculture represents a rich resource of spatiotemporal data and different problem contexts; current and future GIScientists should look toward agricultural as a potentially rewarding area of investigation and, likewise, one where new approaches have the potential to help improve the food, environmental, and economic security of people around the world.

DA-23 - Marine Science

Image courtesy of the National Academy of Sciences Ocean Studies Board

 

GIS&T has traditionally provided effective technological solutions to the integration, visualization, and analysis of heterogeneous, georeferenced data on land. In recent years, our ability to measure change in the ocean is increasing, not only because of improved measuring devices and scientific techniques, but also because new GIS&T is aiding us in better understanding this dynamic environment. The domain has progressed from applications that merely collect and display data to complex simulation, modeling, and the development of new research methods and concepts.

DA-04 - The scope of GIS&T applications
  • Differentiate between project-specific applications and enterprise systems
  • Differentiate between applications for scientific research and resource management decision support
  • Identify tasks that are structured, semi-structured, and unstructured
DA-03 - Typical CA applications
  • Exemplify CA simulations of urban growth
  • Exemplify CA simulations of real estate development
  • Exemplify CA simulations of wild fire
DA-33 - Urban and Regional Planning

Professionals within the urban and regional planning domain have long utilized GIS&T to better understand cities through mapping urban data, representing new proposals, and conducting modeling and analysis to help address urban problems. These activities include spatial data collection and management, cartography, and a variety of applied spatial analysis techniques. Urban and regional planning has developed the sub-fields of planning support systems and Geodesign, both of which describe a combination of technologies and methods to incorporate GIS&T into collaborative planning contexts. In the coming years, shifting patterns of global urbanization, smart cities, and urban big data present emerging opportunities and challenges for urban planning professionals.