## 2016 QUARTER 03

##### GS-10 - Balancing data access, security, and privacy
• Assess the effect of restricting data in the context of the availability of alternate sources of data
• Exemplify areas where post-9/11 changes in policies have restricted or expanded data access
• Discuss the way that a legal regime balances the need for security of geospatial data with the desire for open access
##### AM-25 - Bayesian methods
• Define “prior and posterior distributions” and “Markov-Chain Monte Carlo”
• Explain how the Bayesian perspective is a unified framework from which to view uncertainty
• Compare and contrast Bayesian methods and classical “frequentist” statistical methods
##### CV-19 - Big Data Visualization
• Explain how the concept “digital cartographic models” unifies a number of principles for computer cartography
• Identify areas in cartography and visualization that have, and those that have not, advanced because of computational approaches
• Explain how the rise of interoperability and open standards has affected the production of cartographic representations and visualizations
• Explain how optimization techniques are improving the automated design of maps
• Describe the structure and function of geographic names databases (i.e., gazetteer) for use in mapping
• Differentiate between GIS and graphics software tools for mapping and those for visualization purposes
##### CV-12 - Bivariate and Multivariate Maps
• Differentiate the interpretation of a series of three maps and a single multivariate map, each representing the same three related variables
• Design a single map symbol that can be used to symbolize a set of related variables
• Create a map that displays related variables using different mapping methods (e.g., choropleth
• and proportional symbol, choropleth and cartogram) Create a map that displays related variables using the same mapping method (e.g., bivariate choropleth map, bivariate dot map)
• Design a map series to show the change in a geographic pattern over time
• Detect a multivariate outlier using a combination of maps and graphs
• Explain the relationship among several variables in a parallel coordinate plot
##### KE-20 - Budgeting for GIS management
• Describe various approaches to the long-term funding of a GIS in an organization
• Describe methods to evaluate the return on investment (ROI) of a GIS within an organization
• Develop a budget for ongoing re-design and system improvement
• Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of maintenance contracts for software, hardware, and data across an enterprise
• Evaluate the adequacy of current investments in capital (e.g., facilities, hardware, software) and labor for a GIS
• Justify changes to the investment in an enterprise GIS, including both cutbacks and increased expenses
##### AM-03 - Buffers
• Compare and contrast raster and vector definitions of buffers
• Outline circumstances in which buffering around an object is useful in analysis
• Explain why a buffer is a contour on a distance surface