2016 QUARTER 03

AM-38 - Pattern recognition
  • Differentiate among machine learning, data mining, and pattern recognition
  • Explain the principles of pattern recognition
  • Apply a simple spatial mean filter to an image as a means of recognizing patterns
  • Construct an edge-recognition filter
  • Design a simple spatial mean filter
  • Explain the outcome of an artificial intelligence analysis (e.g., edge recognition), including a discussion of what the human did not see that the computer identified and vice versa
FC-04 - Perception and cognition of geographic phenomena
  • Describe the differences between real phenomena, conceptual models, and GIS data representations thereof
  • Explain the role of metaphors and image schema in our understanding of geographic phenomena and geographic tasks
  • Compare and contrast the symbolic and connectionist theories of human cognition and memory and their ability to model various cases
  • Compare and contrast theories of spatial knowledge acquisition (e.g., Marr on vision, Piaget on childhood, Golledge on wayfinding)
  • Explore the contribution of linguistics to the study of spatial cognition and the role of natural language in the conceptualization of geographic phenomena
FC-03 - Philosophical perspectives
  • Define common philosophical theories that have influenced geography and science, such as logical positivism, Marxism, phenomenology, feminism, and critical theory
  • Identify the philosophical views and assumptions underlying the work of colleagues
  • Describe a brief history of major philosophical movements relating to the nature of space, time, geographic phenomena and human interaction with it
  • Compare and contrast the kinds of questions various philosophies ask, the methodologies they use, the answers they offer, and their applicability to different phenomena
  • Evaluate the influences of one’s own philosophical views and assumptions on GIS&T practices
  • Defend or refute the statement, “All data are theory-laden”
DM-36 - Physical models
  • Differentiate between logical and physical models, in terms of the level of detail, constraints, and range of information included
  • Create physical model diagrams, using UML or other tools, based on logical model diagrams and software requirements
  • Create a complete design document ready for implementation
  • Recognize the constraints and opportunities of a particular choice of software for implementing a logical model
FC-06 - Place and landscape
  • Explain how the concept of place encompasses more than just location
  • Evaluate the differences in how various parties think or feel differently about a place being modeled
  • Describe the elements of a sense of place or landscape that are difficult or impossible to adequately represent in GIS
  • Differentiate between space and place
  • Differentiate among elements of the meaning of a place that can or cannot be easily represented using geospatial technologies
  • Select a place or landscape with personal meaning and discuss its importance
  • Define the notions of cultural landscape and physical landscape
DM-48 - Plane coordinate systems
  • Explain why plane coordinates are sometimes preferable to geographic coordinates
  • Identify the map projection(s) upon which UTM coordinate systems are based, and explain the relationship between the projection(s) and the coordinate system grid
  • Discuss the magnitude and cause of error associated with UTM coordinates
  • Differentiate the characteristics and uses of the UTM coordinate system from the Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) and the World Geographic Reference System (GEOREF)
  • Explain what State Plane Coordinates system (SPC) eastings and northings represent
  • Associate SPC coordinates and zone specifications with corresponding positions on a U.S. map or globe
  • Identify the map projection(s) upon which SPC coordinate systems are based, and explain the relationship between the projection(s) and the coordinate system grids
  • Discuss the magnitude and cause of error associated with SPC coordinates
  • Recommend the most appropriate plane coordinate system for applications at different spatial extents and justify the recommendation
  • Critique the U.S. Geological Survey’s choice of UTM as the standard coordinate system for the U.S. National Map
  • Describe the characteristics of the “national grids” of countries other than the U.S.
  • Explain what Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) eastings and northings represent
  • Associate UTM coordinates and zone specifications with corresponding position on a world map or globe
KE-03 - Planning for design
  • Define Gantt and PERT charts
  • Use project management tools and techniques to manage the design process
  • Justify the funding necessary for the design process of a GIS
  • Collaborate effectively with a variety of people in a design team
  • Create a schedule for the design and implementation of a GIS
  • Identify the people necessary to effectively design a GIS
DC-17 - Platforms and sensors
  • Compare and contrast common sensors by spatial resolution, spectral sensitivity, ground coverage, and temporal resolution (e.g., AVHRR, MODIS [intermediate resolution ~500 m, high temporal] Landsat, commercial high resolution [Ikonos and Quickbird]
  • Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of acoustic remote sensing versus airborne or
  • satellite remote sensing for seafloor mapping
  • Select the most appropriate remotely sensed data source for a given analytical task, study area, budget, and availability
  • Differentiate between “push-broom” and “cross-track” scanning technologies
  • Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of airborne remote sensing versus satellite remote sensing
  • Differentiate between “active” and “passive” sensors, citing examples of each
  • Explain the principle of multibeam bathymetric mapping
  • [Radarsat
AM-07 - Point pattern analysis
  • List the conditions that make point pattern analysis a suitable process
  • Identify the various ways point patterns may be described
  • Identify various types of K-function analysis
  • Describe how Independent Random Process/Chi-Squared Result (IRP/CSR) may be used to make statistical statements about point patterns
  • Outline measures of pattern based on first and second order properties such as the mean center and standard distance, quadrat counts, nearest neighbor distance, and the more modern G, F, and K functions
  • Outline the basis of classic critiques of spatial statistical analysis in the context of point pattern analysis
  • Explain how distance-based methods of point pattern measurement can be derived from a distance matrix
  • Explain how proximity polygons (e.g., Thiessen polygons) may be used to describe point patterns
  • Explain how the K function provides a scale-dependent measure of dispersion
  • Compute measures of overall dispersion and clustering of point datasets using nearest neighbor distance statistics
GS-19 - Political influences
  • Recognize the constraints that political forces place on geospatial applications in public and private sectors
  • Evaluate the influences of political ideologies (e.g., Marxism, Capitalism, conservative/liberal) on the understanding of geographic information
  • Evaluate the influences of political actions, especially the allocation of territory, on human perceptions of space and place