The connections and interactions between GIS&T and society range in scale from institutions and business enterprises down to the individual level. Some fundamental drivers behind those interconnections are political, economic, legal, and cultural. Rapidly developing GI technology and infrastructures also generate various forms of public GIS practice as part of citizen science, VGI and social media. These activities provoke questions and critiques around governance, democracy, diversity, and ethics.
Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are linked directly to either their original (2006) or revised entries; forthcoming, future topics are italicized.
|Law, Regulation, and Policy||Governance and Agency|
|The Legal Regime||Public Participation GIS|
|Location Privacy||Professional & Practical Ethics of GIS&T|
|Mechanisms of Control of Geospatial Information||Codes of Ethics for Geospatial Professionals|
|Legal Mechanisms for Sharing Geospatial Info||Aggregation of Spatial Entities (with focus on Legislative Redistricting)|
|GIS&T, Equity, and Social Justice Best Practices||Implications of Distributed GIS&T|
|Citizen Science with GIS&T|
|Critical Perspectives||GIS&T and Spatial Decision Support|
|Epistemological Critiques||GIS&T and Marginal Societies|
|GIS and Critical Ethics||GIS&T and Community Engagement|
|Feminist Critiques of GIS||Geospatial Participatory Modeling|
|Balancing Security & Open Access to Geospatial Data|