ArcGIS Online is a hosted geographic information system (GIS) created and hosted by Environmental Systems Research Institute (Esri). In a few short years, it has eclipsed desktop software as the most popular tool for mapping and spatial analysis. ArcGIS Online is more than a traditional GIS software in that it also includes access to a wide range of authoritative datasets. ArcGIS fits into the Web 2.0 model where users of the platform are able to create and share maps.
Computing Platforms provide the computational capabilities to apply methods and models to geographic data. Computing Platforms vary in capability, price, and availability from mobile devices to advanced supercomputers and from standalone computers to complex networked infrastructures to address different user needs and data-processing workloads.
Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been updated and expanded are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized.
|Computing Infrastructures||Software Systems|
|Graphics Processing Units||Spatial Database Management Systems (DBMS)|
|Spatial Cloud Computing||Spatial MapReduce|
|Mobile Devices||Artificial Intelligence Tools and Platforms for GIS|
|Cyberinfrastructure||Geospatial Technology Transfer|
|eScience, the Evolution of Science||Web GIS|
|Computing Approaches||Enterprise GIS|
|Origins of Computing & GIS&T: a Computer Systems Perspective|
|Origins of Computing & GIS&T: a Perspective on the Role of Peripheral Devices||Examples and Applications|
|High Throughput Computing and GIS||Google Earth Engine|
|High Performance Computing and GIS||ArcGIS Online|
|Science Gateways||GIS&T and Computational Notebooks|
|Social Media and Location-based Services|
|GIS& the Internet of Things|
|Social Media Analytics|
|GIS&T Web Services|