Geographic information increasingly is produced and consumed on mobile devices. The rise of mobile mapping is challenging traditional design conventions in research, industry, and education, and cartographers and GIScientists now need to accommodate this mobile context. This entry introduces emerging design considerations for mobile maps. First, the technical enablements and constraints that make mobile devices unique are described, including Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers and other sensors, reduced screensize and resolution, reduced processing power and memory capacity, less reliable data connectivity, reduced bandwidth, and physical mobility through variable environmental conditions. Scholarly influences on mobile mapping also are reviewed, including location-based services, adaptive cartography, volunteered geographic information, and locational privacy. Next, two strategies for creating mobile maps are introduced—mobile apps installed onto mobile operating systems versus responsive web maps that work on mobile and nonmobile devices—and core concepts of responsive web design are reviewed, including fluid grids, media queries, breakpoints, and frameworks. Finally, emerging design recommendations for mobile maps are summarized, with representation design adaptations needed to account for reduced screensizes and bandwidth and interaction design adaptations needed to account for multi-touch interaction and post-WIMP interfaces.
The Cartography & Visualization section encapsulates competencies related to the design and use of maps and mapping technology. This section covers core topics of reference and thematic maps design, as well as the emerging topics of interaction design, web map design, and mobile map design. This section also covers historical and contemporary influences on cartography and evolving data and critical considerations for map design and use.
Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been updated and expanded are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized.
|History & Trends||Map Design Techniques||Interactive Design Techniques|
|Cartography & Science||Common Thematic Maps||User Interface and User Experience (UI/UX) Design|
|Cartography & Art||Multivariate Mapping||Web Mapping|
|Cartography & Power||Spatio-Temporal Representation||Virtual & Immersive Environments|
|Representing Uncertainty||Big Data Visualization|
|Terrain Representation||Mobile Maps & Responsive Design|
|Data Considerations||Cartograms||Usability Engineering & Evaluation|
|Vector Formats & Sources||Map Icon Design||Geovisual Analytics|
|Raster Formats & Sources||Narrative & Storytelling||Geovisualization|
|Map Design Fundamentals||Participatory Cartography|
|Scale & Generalization||Map Use|
|Statistical Mapping (Enumeration, Normalization, Classification)||Lesson Design in Cartography Education|
|Map Projections||Map Reading|
|Visual Hierarchy & Layout||Map Interpretation|
|Symbolization & the Visual Variables||Map Analysis|
|Design and Aesthetics|
|Map Production and Management|