In this entry, we introduce tenets of usability engineering (UE) and user-centered design (UCD), interrelated approaches to ensuring that a map or visualization works for the target use. After a general introduction to these concepts and processes, we then discuss treatment of UE and UCD in research on cartography and geographic visualization. Finally, we present a classification of UE evaluation methods, including a general overview of each category of method and their application to cartographic user research.
The Cartography & Visualization section encapsulates competencies related to the design and use of maps and mapping technology. This section covers core topics of reference and thematic maps design, as well as the emerging topics of interaction design, web map design, and mobile map design. This section also covers historical and contemporary influences on cartography and evolving data and critical considerations for map design and use.
Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been updated and expanded are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized.
|History & Trends||Map Design Techniques||Interactive Design Techniques|
|Cartography & Science||Common Thematic Maps||User Interface and User Experience (UI/UX) Design|
|Cartography & Art||Multivariate Mapping||Web Mapping|
|Cartography & Power||Spatio-Temporal Representation||Virtual & Immersive Environments|
|Representing Uncertainty||Big Data Visualization|
|Terrain Representation||Mobile Maps & Responsive Design|
|Data Considerations||Cartograms||Usability Engineering & Evaluation|
|Vector Formats & Sources||Map Icon Design||Geovisual Analytics|
|Raster Formats & Sources||Narrative & Storytelling||Geovisualization|
|Map Design Fundamentals||Participatory Cartography|
|Scale & Generalization||Map Use|
|Statistical Mapping (Enumeration, Normalization, Classification)||Lesson Design in Cartography Education|
|Map Projections||Map Reading|
|Visual Hierarchy & Layout||Map Interpretation|
|Symbolization & the Visual Variables||Map Analysis|
|Design and Aesthetics|
|Map Production and Management|