## Domains of geographic information

##### FC-08 - Time
• Differentiate between mathematical and phenomenological theories of the nature of time
• Recognize the role that time plays in “static” GISystems
• Compare and contrast models of a given spatial process using continuous and discrete perspectives of time
• Select the temporal elements of geographic phenomena that need to be represented in particular GIS applications
• Exemplify different temporal frames of reference: linear and cyclical, absolute and relative
##### FC-10 - Properties
• Formalize attribute values and domains in terms of set theory
• Develop alternative forms of representations for situations in which attributes do not adequately capture meaning
• Define Stevens’ four levels of measurement (i.e., nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio)
• Describe particular geographic phenomena in terms of attributes
• Determine the proper uses of attributes based on their domains
• Characterize the domains of attributes in a GIS, including continuous and discrete, qualitative and quantitative, absolute and relative
• Recognize situations and phenomena in the landscape which cannot be adequately represented by formal attributes, such as aesthetics
• Compare and contrast the theory that properties are fundamental (and objects are human simplifications of patterns thereof) with the theory that objects are fundamental (and properties are attributes thereof)
• Recognize attribute domains that do not fit well into Stevens’ four levels of measurement such as cycles, indexes, and hierarchies
##### FC-07 - Space
• Differentiate between absolute and relative descriptions of location
• Define the four basic dimensions or shapes used to describe spatial objects (i.e., points, lines, regions, volumes)
• Discuss the contributions that different perspectives on the nature of space bring to an understanding of geographic phenomenon
• Justify the discrepancies between the nature of locations in the real world and representations thereof (e.g., towns as points)
• Select appropriate spatial metaphors and models of phenomena to be represented in GIS
• Develop methods for representing non-cartesian models of space in GIS
• Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the use of cartesian/metric space as a basis for GIS and related technologies
• Differentiate between common-sense, Cartesian/metric, relational, relativistic, phenomenological, social constructivist, and other theories of the nature of space
##### FC-09 - Relationships between space and time
• Discuss common prepositions and adjectives (in any particular language) that signify either spatial or temporal relations but are used for both kinds, such as “after” or “longer”
• Describe different types of movement and change
• Understand the physical notions of velocity and acceleration which are fundamentally about movement across space through time
• Identify various types of geographic interactions in space and time
• Compare and contrast the characteristics of spatial and temporal dimensions
##### FC-10 - Properties
• Formalize attribute values and domains in terms of set theory
• Develop alternative forms of representations for situations in which attributes do not adequately capture meaning
• Define Stevens’ four levels of measurement (i.e., nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio)
• Describe particular geographic phenomena in terms of attributes
• Determine the proper uses of attributes based on their domains
• Characterize the domains of attributes in a GIS, including continuous and discrete, qualitative and quantitative, absolute and relative
• Recognize situations and phenomena in the landscape which cannot be adequately represented by formal attributes, such as aesthetics
• Compare and contrast the theory that properties are fundamental (and objects are human simplifications of patterns thereof) with the theory that objects are fundamental (and properties are attributes thereof)
• Recognize attribute domains that do not fit well into Stevens’ four levels of measurement such as cycles, indexes, and hierarchies
##### FC-08 - Time
• Differentiate between mathematical and phenomenological theories of the nature of time
• Recognize the role that time plays in “static” GISystems
• Compare and contrast models of a given spatial process using continuous and discrete perspectives of time
• Select the temporal elements of geographic phenomena that need to be represented in particular GIS applications
• Exemplify different temporal frames of reference: linear and cyclical, absolute and relative
##### FC-10 - Properties
• Formalize attribute values and domains in terms of set theory
• Develop alternative forms of representations for situations in which attributes do not adequately capture meaning
• Define Stevens’ four levels of measurement (i.e., nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio)
• Describe particular geographic phenomena in terms of attributes
• Determine the proper uses of attributes based on their domains
• Characterize the domains of attributes in a GIS, including continuous and discrete, qualitative and quantitative, absolute and relative
• Recognize situations and phenomena in the landscape which cannot be adequately represented by formal attributes, such as aesthetics
• Compare and contrast the theory that properties are fundamental (and objects are human simplifications of patterns thereof) with the theory that objects are fundamental (and properties are attributes thereof)
• Recognize attribute domains that do not fit well into Stevens’ four levels of measurement such as cycles, indexes, and hierarchies
##### FC-08 - Time
• Differentiate between mathematical and phenomenological theories of the nature of time
• Recognize the role that time plays in “static” GISystems
• Compare and contrast models of a given spatial process using continuous and discrete perspectives of time
• Select the temporal elements of geographic phenomena that need to be represented in particular GIS applications
• Exemplify different temporal frames of reference: linear and cyclical, absolute and relative
##### FC-09 - Relationships between space and time
• Discuss common prepositions and adjectives (in any particular language) that signify either spatial or temporal relations but are used for both kinds, such as “after” or “longer”
• Describe different types of movement and change
• Understand the physical notions of velocity and acceleration which are fundamentally about movement across space through time
• Identify various types of geographic interactions in space and time
• Compare and contrast the characteristics of spatial and temporal dimensions
##### FC-07 - Space
• Differentiate between absolute and relative descriptions of location
• Define the four basic dimensions or shapes used to describe spatial objects (i.e., points, lines, regions, volumes)
• Discuss the contributions that different perspectives on the nature of space bring to an understanding of geographic phenomenon
• Justify the discrepancies between the nature of locations in the real world and representations thereof (e.g., towns as points)
• Select appropriate spatial metaphors and models of phenomena to be represented in GIS
• Develop methods for representing non-cartesian models of space in GIS
• Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the use of cartesian/metric space as a basis for GIS and related technologies
• Differentiate between common-sense, Cartesian/metric, relational, relativistic, phenomenological, social constructivist, and other theories of the nature of space