DA-38 - GIS&T and Retail Business
Where should a retail business occur or locate within a region? What would that trade area look like? Should a retail expansion occur and how would that affect sales of other nearby existing locations? Would a new retail location have the right demographic or socio-economic customer base to be profitable? These are important questions for retailers to consider. Within the evolving landscape of GIS, there is more geospatial data than ever before about the potential customer. In retail, the application of maps and mapping technology is growing to include commercial real estate, logistics, and marketing to name a few. There has been an increased momentum across commercial applications for geospatial technologies delivered in an easy to comprehend format for a variety of end users.
DA-46 - Computational Geography
Computational Geography emerged in the 1980s in response to the reductionist limitations of early GIS software, which inhibited deep analyses of rich geographic data. Today, Computational Geography continues to integrate a wide range of domains to facilitate spatial analyses that require computational resources or ontological paradigms beyond that made available in traditional GIS software packages. These include novel approaches for the mass creation of geospatial data, large-scale database design for the effective storage and querying of spatial identifiers (i.e., distributed spatial databases), and methodologies which enable simulations and/or analysis in the context of large-scale, frequently near-real-time, spatially-explicit sources of information. The topics studied within Computational Geography directly enable many of the world’s largest public databases, including Google Maps and Open Street Map (OSM), as well as many modern analytic pipelines designed to study human behavior with the integration of large volumes of location information (e.g., mobile phone data) with other geospatial sources (e.g., satellite imagery).