Mobile technology has significantly changed how we communicate and interact with the outside world. With the increasing use of mobile devices and advancement of information communication information (ICT) technologies, mobile GIS emerged to provide real-time data collection and update, and made GIS easier and convenient to access. This entry introduces the concept, types, and general architecture of mobile GIS, key technologies used for mobile GIS development, and examples of mobile GIS applications.
Computer programming and development are critical to the past, present, and future of geospatial systems and techniques. The increasing ubiquity and diversity of online, mobile, and desktop GIS platforms along with the inclusion of cyber-infrastructure components within the bounds of geographic information systems (e.g., supercomputing, wireless sensor networks) means that GIS researchers and professionals need to be fluent in multiple forms of programming, and the life-cycles of system and software development.
Topics in this Knowledge Area are listed thematically below. Existing topics are in regular font and linked directly to their original entries (published in 2006; these contain only Learning Objectives). Entries that have been updated and expanded are in bold. Forthcoming, future topics are italicized.
|Algorithm Design/Algorithmic Approaches||Programming Languages & Libraries|
|Real-time GIS Programming and Geocomputation||Python for GIS|
|Natural Language Processing in GIScience Applications||PySAL and Spatial Statistics Libraries|
|Machine Learning Programming for GIS||R for Geospatial Analysis & Mapping|
|GIS and Parallel Programming||SQL Languages for GIS|
|Object-oriented Programming in GIS Applications||GDAL/OGR and IO Libraries|
|Development Tools||Design, Development, Testing, and Deployment of GIS Applications|
|Visual Programming for GIS Applications||Verification & Validation of GIS Applications|
|SpatialMPI: Message Passage Interface for GIS Applications||Commercialization of GIS Applications|
|GIS APIs||Licensing of GIS Applications|
|Open Source Software Development|
|Platform Specific Programming|
|GIS and GPU Programming|
|Programming of Mobile GIS Applications|
|Web GIS Programming|